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Major cotton farmers in the Delta have large, mechanized plantations, and they receive the majority of extensive federal subsidies going to the state, yet many other residents still live as poor, rural, landless laborers.

Two of the five deadliest tornadoes in U.S. history have occurred in the state. They became a minority in the state for the first time since early in its development.[71]. At least 11 other states have, too", "Black Voters Sue Over Mississippi's Jim Crow-Era Election Law", "Which states have the MOST and the LEAST drunk driving deaths", "U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Vicksburg District: Arkabutla Lake", "U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Vicksburg District: Grenada Lake", "U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Vicksburg District: Sardis Lake", The Education of Blacks in the South, 1860–1935, "Study Compares States' Math and Science Scores With Other Countries, Mississippi as Metaphor State, Region, and Nation in Historical Imagination, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mississippi&oldid=985132429, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Monthly normal high and low temperatures (°F) for various Mississippi cities, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 04:26.

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Census coverage of present-day Mississippi began in 1800 in the southwestern section close to the Mississippi River. Since the 1970s, fundamentalist conservative churches have grown rapidly, fueling Mississippi's conservative political trends among whites. [113], The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Mississippi's total state product in 2010 was $98 billion.

Mississippi is bordered to the north by Tennessee, to the east by Alabama, to the south by the Gulf of Mexico, to the southwest by Louisiana, and to the northwest by Arkansas. From opera star Leontyne Price to the alternative rock band 3 Doors Down, to gulf and western singer Jimmy Buffett, modern rock/jazz/world music guitarist-producer Clifton Hyde, to rappers David Banner, Big K.R.I.T. After several years of integration, whites often dominated local systems anyway, maintaining white supremacy. In 1884, the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta Levee District was established to oversee levee construction and maintenance in the northern Delta counties; also included were some counties in Arkansas which were part of the Delta. About seven F5 tornadoes have been recorded in the state. In the Great Migration, hundreds of thousands of African Americans migrated North and West for jobs and chances to live as full citizens. The growth of the cotton culture after 1815 brought in tens of thousands of Anglo-American settlers each year, most of whom were Protestants from Southeastern states. [140] A federal judge blocked the law in July,[141] however it was challenged and a federal appeals court ruled in favor of the law in October 2017.[142][143]. Different vintage years of estimates are not comparable.

And all of them, save the northernmost, which is effectively an Arkansas suburb, are furiously shedding population. Some among the black delegates were freedmen, but others were educated free blacks who had migrated from the North.

However, racial tensions were severe in the region. [87], Under French and Spanish rule beginning in the 17th century, European colonists were mostly Roman Catholics. [116], At 56 percent, the state has one of the lowest workforce participation rates in the country. The Yazoo River is considered the southern and eastern boundary of the region. Areas along large rivers are commonly inhabited by bald cypress, water tupelo, water elm, and bitter pecan. [154], But in the state as a whole, only a small minority of white children were withdrawn from public schools. [3], The towns in the region were small then and remain so today. In 1960 they made up 42% of the state's population. Jackson established the USA International Ballet Competition, which is held every four years. However, some changes have taken place. [56], In 1966, the state was the last to repeal officially statewide prohibition of alcohol. Tupelo levies a local sales tax of 2.5%. In 1879, the United States Congress created the Mississippi River Commission, whose responsibilities included aiding state levee boards in the construction of levees. [29] New settlers kept encroaching on Choctaw land, and they pressed the federal government to expel the Native Americans. State officials believed they needed to maintain public education to attract new businesses.

There are 2,268,450 adults, (449,478 of whom are seniors) in Mississippi. The Pontotoc Ridge and the Fall Line Hills in the northeast have somewhat higher elevations. Often funding declined for the public schools. After the American Revolution (1765–83), Britain ceded this area to the new United States of America. More than 100,000 people have left the region in search of work elsewhere. Demographic data for Bayou Academy shows that of the 355 students who attended in the 2015–2016 school year, 4 were black (1%). The state ranks fifth in the nation in the percentage of Hispanic same-sex couples among all Hispanic households and ninth in the highest concentration of same-sex couples who are seniors. Most have ancestors who were enslaved, with many forcibly transported from the Upper South in the 19th century to work on the area's new plantations. By 1860, Mississippi was the nation's top cotton-producing state and enslaved persons accounted for 55% of the state population. They educated their children privately.

The Second Great Migration included destinations in the West, especially California, where the buildup of the defense industry offered higher-paying jobs to both African Americans and whites. Mississippi became the last state to remove the Confederate battle flag as an official state symbol on June 30, 2020, when Governor Tate Reeves signed a law officially retiring the second state flag. [90] When cotton was king during the 1850s, Mississippi plantation owners—especially those of the Delta and Black Belt central regions—became wealthy due to the high fertility of the soil, the high price of cotton on the international market, and free labor gained through their holding enslaved African Americans. Teacher Robert G. Clark of Holmes County was the first African American to be elected to the State House since Reconstruction. Away from the riverfronts, most of the Delta was undeveloped frontier. Some of the above change in identification as mixed race is due to new births. At the 2010 U.S. census, the racial makeup of the population was: Ethnically, 2.7% of the total population, among all racial groups, was of Hispanic or Latino origin (they may be of any race). How Much Of The Amazon Rainforest Is Left? The land further away from the rivers was cleared by freedmen and white migrants during Reconstruction and later.[42].

Their population in the state overall has increased in the 21st century. In 2005, Mississippi citizens received approximately $2.02 per dollar of taxes in the way of federal spending. Beginning in 1822, slaves in Mississippi were protected by law from cruel and unusual punishment by their owners. As far as population declines, almost every county along the western border of Mississippi saw declining populations. [144] Mississippi is one of thirty-one states which have capital punishment (see Capital punishment in Mississippi). Some of these slaves were mixed race, with European ancestors, as there were many children born into slavery with white fathers. The Mississippi Delta Health Collaborative Medication Therapy Management Model: Public Health and Pharmacy Working Together to Improve Population Health in the Mississippi Delta. The Mississippi Delta, once the center of the state’s Jewish population, had 2,300 Jews in 1937, but now it has fewer than 300. In September 2017, it complied with federal court order and combined the high schools as Cleveland Central High School. However, most Chinese families came later between 1910 and 1930 from other states, and most operated small family-owned groceries stores in the many small towns of the Delta.

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